What are prebiotics and what are they for?

Although it is true that there is a more widespread concern to lead a healthier life, a better diet and healthier habits, there are many doubts about certain foods and their properties. If probiotic foods have become fashionable, Do not miss out on the benefits of prebiotic foods because combining them is a great benefit to health.

What are prebiotics?

They are substances in foods that are not digested but what they do is contribute to the growth and stimulation of 'good' bacteria that inhabit the intestine.


You already know that the bacterial flora or microbiota is directly responsible for the maintenance of good general health and that its imbalance is associated with multiple diseases, therefore taking care of the microbiota will ensure you a good metabolic function, regulate the blood glucose level, minimize or eliminate the inflammation that causes many ailments and also control your weight.

Prebiotics are vegetable fibers that will feed those 'good' bacteria (bifidobasterias and lactobacilli) of the intestinal flora favoring the digestive process and the good function of the organism.

What is the difference between probiotics and prebiotics?

Probiotic foods provide the organism with live bacteria to the intestinal flora, exogenous bacteria that travel orally to our intestine to colonize it. Prebiotic foods, however, what they do is feed the bacteria that already live on their own in the intestine, favoring their growth and his good health.


The action of prebiotic foods takes place in the colon or large intestine, that's where the intestinal microbiota would ferment those foods to benefit from its properties. They favor intestinal transit and regulate mucous membranes.

In addition to feeding the microbiota to keep it healthy, The prebiotics has an immunomodulatory action that protects the organism keeping it healthy. They facilitate the absorption of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, improving, for example, the intestinal absorption of calcium.

Foods rich in prebiotics

There are different types of prebiotics, the most common are fructans (inulin and FOS), oiligosaccharides from soy or lactulose. Some of the foods rich in prebiotics are garlic, onion, leeks, oats, asparagus, artichokes, sweet potatoes, legumes or bananas.


To keep all strains of the microbiota well fed it would be necessary to consume different prebiotic foods since they are selective and each strain ferments a different prebiotic. Always think that a balanced diet should be varied.

The intake of these foods would suppose a reinforcement of the defenses of the immune system, away, for example, colds and colds, and, consumed together with probiotic foods would be a fabulous combination to protect the body naturally.

We are increasingly aware that food can be our medicine and that health is, to a large extent, dependent on diet and life habits. Always bet on the consumption of vegetables and fruits as essential foods to drink daily, quality protein, drink a lot of water and combine probiotic and prebiotic foods to ensure a great health from the table.

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Video: The difference between prebiotics and probiotics (March 2020).